What are the Factors that Affect Your Mesothelioma Survival Rate?
Here are some of the factors that determine one’s survival rate:
- Overall Health
- Asbestos Exposure History
- Type of Mesothelioma
- Severity of Symptoms
- Whether the Mesothelioma Spread or Metastasized
- Mesothelioma Specialist
- Access to medication
The younger you are the better chances for longer survival rates. This is because younger patients can get approved for surgical procedures that are not offered for older patients. The issue is that mesothelioma is rarely diagnosed in young patients. A majority of people diagnosed with mesothelioma are older than 60, and nearly all the people who die because of mesothelioma are over the age of 65.
Studies have shown that women have better survival rates than men. However, the majority of mesothelioma cases involve men because of their occupations. Men experienced more asbestos exposure due to military service and construction and industrial careers. Women who are diagnosed with mesothelioma live longer than men with the same diagnosis and it is believed that women’s hormonal differences may be a factor.
The vast majority of mesothelioma patients are Caucasian, with the disease rarely being diagnosed in Hispanics and African Americans. Caucasians are more apt to undergo surgical procedures and treatments.
The types of mesothelioma are pleural, peritoneal, pericardial and testicular. The introduction of new treatments such as HIPEC has increased the survival rates for peritoneal mesothelioma patients. If you are unable to have the HIPEC treatment, then your survival rate is generally six months. With the new treatment, survival rates can be as high as 40 to 92 months. Pericardial and testicular mesothelioma are rarely diagnosed but have survival ranges of 6 to 24 months.
Geographical Location and Population
States that had a more robust industrial and manufacturing economy tend to have more people being diagnosed with mesothelioma. However, older populations are largely affected since mesothelioma is generally seen in more mature people. Maine, Alaska, Washington, Wyoming and New Jersey have the highest death rates from mesothelioma.
The Stage of Your Mesothelioma Cancer
Cancer comes in four different stages, Stage I, Stage II, Stage III and Stage IV. Unfortunately, mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose and usually it is not discovered until Stage III or Stage IV. Just like any other cancer, the sooner you diagnose mesothelioma, the sooner you can treat it. If it has spread throughout the body, as in later stages, your survival rate drops dramatically.
Histology or Cellular Types
There are three different types of mesothelioma cells: epithelial, sarcomatoid and biphasic. Epithelial mesothelioma is the least destructive type of mesothelioma because it is the most treatable and least-aggressive type of mesothelioma cell. Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is the least desired mesothelioma because it is very aggressive and survival rates are very low. Biphasic mesothelioma is similar to epithelial and sarcomatoid mesothelioma in that it can be aggressive, but respond to certain treatments.